Knee Treatment

Knee Anatomy

The knee is the largest and most complex joint in the body. Also known as the tibiofemoral joint, the knee consists of bones, tendons, and ligaments. The knee joint is where the thigh bone (femur) joins the shin bone (tibia). The smaller bones that make up the knee are called the tibia (fibula) and the kneecap (patella). As a result of supporting the entire body and its weight, the knee bears constant pressure causing it to be vulnerable and prone to injuries.


Knee Tendons:

The tendons help connect the leg bones to the muscles that move the knee.

Knee Ligaments:

There are three groups of ligaments that join at the knee bone and provide stability.

  • The anterior cruciate ligament - prevents the femur from sliding backward on the tibia
  • The posterior cruciate ligament - prevents the femur from sliding forward on the tibia
  • The medial-lateral and collateral ligaments - prevent the femur from sliding side to side
Knee Conditions
  • Knee Arthritis
  • Knee Bursitis
  • Knee Instability
  • Knee Fractures
  • Knee Dislocations
  • ACL Injuries
  • PCL Injuries
  • MCL Injuries
  • LCL Injuries
Knee Treatments
  • ACL Repair - Replaces a damaged and torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
  • Cortisone Injection - Injecting an anti-inflammatory into the knee to help reduce pain and swelling. The effects can last up to several weeks.
  • Arthroscopic Knee Surgery - Depending on the injury, your doctor may be able to examine and repair your joint damage using a minimally invasive technique called arthroscopy. Using a fiber-optic camera and long, narrow tools inserted via a few small incisions around your knee. Arthroscopy helps remove loose bodies from your knee joint, remove or repair damaged cartilage, and reconstruct torn ligaments.
  • Osteotomy - This involves removing bone from the thigh bone or shinbone to align the knee better and relieve arthritis pain. A surgery that may help you delay or avoid total knee replacement surgery.
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